主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (7): 585-590.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.07.002

• Theoretical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on eight trigrams-zangfu corresponding system based on image thinking of I-ching*

Li Honghai1, Han Qi2, Ma Yuexiang1#   

  1. 1 Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 250355, China;
    2 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2021-01-11 Online:2021-07-30 Published:2021-07-26
  • Contact: Prof. Ma Yuexiang, Ph. D., Doctoral Supervisor.Shangdong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.4655, University road, Changqing District, Jinan 250355. E-mail: myx1008@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81273625)

Abstract: Eight trigrams-zangfu system has been used by many TCM doctors since ancient times. It plays a unique advantageous role in the interpretation of visceral manifestation and pathology. However, there still exist disputes and incompleteness in its specific corresponding relations. For example, Luo Dingchang, a doctor in the Qing Dynasty, thought that lung corresponds to Qian hexagram. Sun Yikui in the Ming Dynasty, however, held that Dui is the corresponding hexagram.Meanwhile, Zheng Qin'an in the Qing Dynasty, mainly discussed the heart and kidney from the two hexagrams of Li and Kan. As a result, the theory of eight trigrams-zangfu has not formed a unified and systematic corresponding system. Therefore, our team combined literature review and theoretical discussion in studying the relevant contents of I-Ching (The Book of Changes in Zhou Dynasty), the TCM-Zhouyi theory, and the basic theory of TCM by using the image-number thinking in I-Ching. Based on the acquired eight trigrams, diction, shape, image and nature related to the physiological and functional characteristics of each viscera, we concluded that the correspondence of eight trigrams-zangfu system is as follows by using the thinking methods of image classification and image-number relation: Zhen corresponds to liver, gallbladder; Xun, liver; Li, heart, small intestine, pericardium; Kun, spleen, small intestine, bladder,triple energizer; Dui, lung, large intestine; Qian, lung; Kan, kidney, bladder,triple energizer; Gen, spleen, stomach, large intestine, gallbladder. And their corresponding relations are refined to the specific functions of zang-fu organs. It is hoped that the analysis and summary of the eight trigrams-zangfu corresponding system will be helpful to the development and research, and inheritance of TCM-Zhouyi theory and visceral manifestation theory, which can provide theoretical reference for clinical practice.

Key words: image thinking of Zhouyi, eight-trigrams-zangfu system, visceral manifestation, systematic theory of TCM

CLC Number: 

  • R223.1