主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 859-862.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.10.012

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Study on the correlation between TCM constitution and sleep quality of 308 patients with primary insomnia*

Pei Qinghua, Li Xia, Xu Jing, Qu Miao, Tang Qisheng#   

  1. Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2018-03-20 Online:2018-10-30 Published:2018-10-30

Abstract: Objective To study the distribution of TCM constitution in patients with primary insomnia, and the correlation between TCM constitution and sleep quality. Methods Cross-sectional survey was used. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and the Chinese Medical Constitution Scale were evaluated, and the data were collected to analyze the patients’ constitution distribution, sleep quality and the association between the constitution and the sleeping quality. Results A total of 308 cases (104 male & 204 female) were observed; the youngest was 20 years old, the oldest was 75 years old, with an average age of (46.32±16.23) years old. There were 162 cases of single constitution and 146 cases of combined constitution. The mean score of PSQI was (12.65±3.04). Symptoms of insomnia include poor sleep quality, shorter sleep time and longer time to falling asleep. The main symptoms were difficulty of falling asleep. Secondary symptoms of each constitution were as follows: early awakening in the phlegm dampness and yang deficiency constitutions; profuse dreaming in the blood stasis constitution; easy awakening in the yin deficiency constitution; shallow sleeping in the qi stagnation constitution, qi deficiency constitution, damp heat constitution and special constitution. Secondary symptoms of combined constitution were profuse dreaming. Conclusion The most common constitution in insomniacs were qi deficiency constitution, yin deficiency constitution and phlegm dampness constitution; and three kinds of combined constitution were qi deficiency and yang deficiency constitution, qi deficiency and yin deficiency constitution, yang deficiency and phlegm dampness constitution. There was no difference in the sleep quality between the single and combined constitutions, and the main symptom was difficulty in falling asleep. The secondary symptoms were correlated with the constitution of TCM.

Key words: insomnia, constitution of traditional Chinese medicine, sleep quality

CLC Number: 

  • R256.23