主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 802-807.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2019.10.002

• Theoreticao Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Metaphysical and ontological trends in interpreting visceral manifestation of heart since Song Dynasty*

Gu Jianjun   

  1. School of chinese medicine, Beijing University of Traional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2019-04-08 Online:2019-10-30 Published:2019-11-25
  • Contact: Prof. Gu Jianjun, Master’s Supervisor. School of chinese Medicine Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029. E-mail: jianjungu88@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (No.13BZX035)

Abstract: With the rise of Neo-Confucianism in the Song and Ming Dynasties, medical theories tended to be philosophical, among which the concepts of zang-fu organs were gradually separated from the entity significance and presented conceptually and metaphysically. The heart in TCM has been discussed in the philosophical scope. After the Song Dynasty, the TCM heart has undergone a path of complete philosophization, mainly manifested in the following aspects: the heart function is metaphysically sumarized as monarch fire; the concept of heart is expanded as a unification of the monarch fire and the ministerial fire; the heart is changed to be ontological as tai chi; the heart is no longer viewed as a physical organ. A replacement for the heart’s physical function is constantly sought, so as to lift the heart out of the “matter” level and emphasize its ontological characteristics of “Tao”, thus completing the construction of a philosophical visceral manifestation theory model. These thoughts indicate that the focus of TCM theory is ultimately transforming to the metaphysical functions of the zang-fu organs, which leads to corresponding changes in clinical pattern identification and treatment.

Key words: visceral manifestation of heart, monarch fire, ministerial fire, ontology, tai chi

CLC Number: 

  • R223.1+1