Diseases, formula and Chinese herbal medicines: a study on spleen-stomach dampness-heat pattern based on modern literature*
2016, 39 (8):
Objective To analyze the distribution of diseases with TCM pattern of spleen-stomach dampness-heat (SSDHP)and the prescriptions and Chinese herbal medicines involved, so as to guide TCM clinical practice and further research on SSDHP. Methods Taking “SSDHP” (Chinese:脾胃湿热证) as subject term or title/keyword, the databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI),Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform and VIP Information were systematically retrieved, from the beginning of the databases to 31 December, 2015. The articles related to treatment on SSDHP were collected, and the database was established by using Microsoft Excel 2010, on which data were descriptively statistical analyzed. Results 109 articles were eligible from total 1 681 retrieved ones. The top two diseases with SSDHP were digestive system disorders (86.41%) and dermatoses (5.83%). The common formula directed at clearing heat and dampness including Pingwei Powder, Huopu Xialing Decoction, and Sanren Decoction, combined with specific medications for exact symptoms. The common Chinese herbal medications with frequency more than 1 percent were listed as the following: Golden Thread (Huanglian), Pinellia Tuber(Banxia), Official Magnolia Bark(Houpu), Liquorice Root (Gancao), Dried Decoctionerine Peel (Chenpi), Baical Skullcap Root (Huangqin), Indian Bread (Fuling), Dandelion (Pugongying), Agastache Rugosus (Huoxiang), Atractylodes Rhizome (Cangzhu), Coix Seed (Yiyiren), Round Cardamon Fruit (Baidoukou), Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome (Baizhu), Orange Fruit (Zhiqiao), Immature Orange Fruit (Zhizi), Corydalis Rhizoma (Yanhusuo), White Peony Root (Baishao), Medicinal Evodia Fruit (Wuzhuyu), Dried Ginger (Ganjiang), Bamboo Shavings (Zhuru), Virgate Wormwood Herb (Yinchen), Grassleaf Sweetflag Rhizome (Shichangpu), Turmeric Root Tuber (Yujin), Immature Orange Fruit (Zhishi), Chinese Thorowax Root(Chaihu), Common Bletilla Tuber (Baiji), Danshan Root (Danshen), Bitter Apricot Seed (Kuxingren), Villous Amomum Fruit (Sharen), Common Aucklandia Root (Muxiang), Finger Citron (Foshou), Talc (Huashi). Conclusion Now, the diseases with SSDHP were most common in digestive system, but also in other systems. And the prescription and Chinese herbal medicines should be applied by holistic conception, combination of disease and pattern and pattern differentiation and treatment. Classic herbal formulas in TCM ancient books are still playing the strictly key roles in clinical practice, but proved formulas of modern outstanding senior traditional Chinese practitioners and Hospital Preparations also are paid more attention by researchers.
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