Study of medicinal herbs in tranquilizing heyi formulas in Mongolian medicine*
2019, 42 (12):
Objective To explore the pattern of the use of medicinal herbs in tranquilizing heyi (transliteration of the formula name in Mongolian, meaning regulating qi movement) formulas in Mongolian medicine. Methods Tranquilizing heyi formulas were collected, sorted out and screened from Chinese Medical Encyclopedia: Mongolian Medicine, Traditional Mongolian Materia Medica and Formulas, Pharmaceutical Standards of the Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China:Mongolian Materia Medica,Standards for Mongolian Patent Medicine in Inner Mongolia, and Medical Formulas (Mongolian medicine textbook, in Mongolian language). Frequency data were analyzed in terms of the frequency of use of particular herbs, herb classification, medicinal properties, six medicinal flavors, medicinal effects and correlation analysis to explore the pattern of the use of medicinal herbs in such formulas. Results Herbs used at high frequency in tranquilizing heyi formulas were Roudoukou(Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae), Biba(Long Pepper Fruit,Fructus Piperis Longi), Baidoukou(Round Cardamon,Fructus Amomi Kravanh), Chenxiang(Aquilaria Wood, Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum) and Muxiang(Common Aucklandia Root, Radix Aucklandiae).Tranquilizing heyi medicinals were the main type of herbs in terms of herb classification, accounting for 32.52%, medicinal herbs warm in property the main type in terms of medicinalproperty,making up 47.36%, herbs pungent in flavor the main type in terms of medicinal flavor, constituting 54.67%, cloying herbal medicinals the main type in terms of effect, comprising 51.63%.Among 20 herb pairs used at high frequency, 18 pairs contained tranquilizing heyi medicinals. Of the 23 core herb combinations, 21 involved tranquilizing heyi medicinals and 17 included Roudoukou (Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae). Conclusion Tranquilizing heyi formulas of Mongolian medicine are mainly composed of tranquilizing heyi medicinals, which regulate the three elements in Mongolian medicine (corresponding roughly to qi, fire/gallbladder, and earth/water in Chinese medicine). Herbs pungent, warm and cloying are commonlyused. Tranquilizing heyi medicinals are often used in herb pairs and three-herb groups with Roudoukou (Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae) as the core herb. With reference to qi-regulating formulas in Chinese medicine, tranquilizing heyi medicinals can adopt some liver-soothing medicinals.
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